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看懂《雷神3》必须要补的北欧神话

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Ragnarok
诸神的黄昏
It will be preceded by Fimbulwinter, the winter of winters. Three such winters will follow each other with no summers in between. Conflicts and feuds will break out, and all morality will disappear. This is the beginning of the end.
诸神黄昏的序幕是芬布尔之冬,传说中比冬天更为严酷的凛冬。三个漫长严冬接连而至,没有夏天。世界爆发各种冲突和斗争,道德沦丧、人性毁灭。这是末日的开始。
After the Fimbulwinter, the enemies of Asgard ['?sga:d] will unite and attack. Gods and Jotun (giants) will battle to mutual annihilation.
芬布尔之冬之后,诸神所居的仙宫阿斯加德遭到敌人的联合进攻。众神与巨人将在末日大战中同归于尽。
Odin the All-Father will die in combat with Fenrir, a gigantic animal whose two sons will eat the moon and the sun.
众神之父奥丁在与魔狼芬里厄的对决中被后者吞噬,这个巨型野兽的两个儿子会吃掉月亮和太阳。
Thor will kill Jormungandr, the serpent so large it encircles Midgard, but dies from its poison.
雷神索尔将杀死环绕“中庭”的巨蟒耶梦加得,但被后者的毒液毒死。
Heimdall and Loki will kill each other.
守护神海姆达尔和火神洛基同归于尽。
Freyr — the powerful god of harvest — will fall to Surtr, the flaming, giant lord of Muspelheim, world of fire.
丰饶之神弗雷被火焰之国的火巨人史尔特尔打败。
Surtr will then fling fire in every direction. The nine worlds will burn, and friends and foes alike will perish. The earth will sink into the sea.
然后,火巨人将烈焰投掷向四面八方,九界成为一片火海,敌友一同葬身于此,整个宇宙沉入海底。
Thor
索尔
Thor was the son of Odin and Fyorgyn, the earth goddess. He is a hammer-wielding god associated with thunder, lightning, storms and strength.
索尔是奥丁和大地之神娇德的儿子。这个挥舞着锤子的神与雷电、暴雨和力量相关。
He had a red beard and eyes, he was huge in size, he had an insatiable appetite and not much wit. Thor was the strongest of all gods and men.
他长着红胡子、红眼睛,体型巨大,胃口也如无底洞,头脑简单,是众神和凡人中最强壮的存在。
Generally good-natured, Thor had a hot temper, and his anger was dreadful to behold.
索尔平时很随和,但也是个火爆脾气,他发起火来是非常可怕的。
He was a fierce enemy of the frost giants. When people heard thunder and saw lightning in the sky, they knew that Thor was fighting these evil giants.
他是霜巨人的死敌。当人们看到天空电闪雷鸣,就知道,这是索尔在和那些邪恶巨人打架呢。
The thunder god's chief weapon was his mighty hammer Mjollnir, which the dwarfs had forged for him.
雷神最重要的武器是那只具有神力的雷神之锤Mjollnir,这是侏儒工匠为他锻造的。
When he threw Mjollnir, it returned magically to his hand like a boomerang.
他扔出雷神之锤后,锤子会神奇地回到他的手中,像回力镖一样。
When Thor needs to hover in mid-air, he twirls the hammer around like the rotor of a helicopter, which keeps him suspended above the ground.
当索尔要悬在半空中时,他抡起锤子,后者就像直升机的马达一样,带他飞离地面。
Loki
洛基
Loki is a shape shifter and in separate incidents he appears in the form of a salmon, a mare, and a fly.
洛基可以变换外形,他变过一条鱼、一匹马、一只苍蝇等。
Loki's relation with the gods varies by source; Loki sometimes assists the gods and sometimes behaves in a malicious manner towards them.
在不同的文献中,洛基和诸神的关系有所不同。洛基有时候帮助其他的神,而有时候却又对他们做坏事。
"Hiddleston steals the show here, making wickedness and treachery look a heck of a lot more fun than virtue." — Washington Post
“希德勒斯顿在影片中表现抢眼,让邪恶和背叛比美德看起来有趣多了。”——《华盛顿邮报》
"The one bright light in Asgard is its darkest soul, Thor's brother Loki (Tom Hiddleston), who got all the brains in the Thor family but none of the virtue. He breezes along with an air of uneasy self-satisfaction, smug but not completely sure of himself, and thus more interesting." — San Francisco Chronicle
“阿斯加德最明亮的光是它最黑暗的灵魂,索尔的弟弟洛基是索尔家最有头脑却最缺乏美德的人。他从容自如地出现,带着不自在的自满,他自鸣得意却又不完全自信,因此显得极为有趣。”——《旧金山纪事报》
看懂《雷神3》必须要补的北欧神话.jpgHel
海拉
She is described as having been appointed by the god Odin as ruler of a realm located in Niflheim. Her appearance is described as half blue and half flesh-coloured and further as having a gloomy, downcast appearance.
海拉被奥丁指派掌管冥界。据描述,她的身体一半蓝色、一半肉色,外表阴郁低沉。
Odin
奥丁
Odin is associated with healing, death, royalty, the gallows, knowledge, battle, sorcery, poetry and frenzy, and is the husband of the goddess Frigg.
奥丁主要与治愈、死亡、王权、绞刑、知识、战争、魔法、诗歌、狂暴,他的妻子是北欧神话中的女神弗丽嘉。
He is often accompanied by his animal companions — the wolves Geri and Freki and the ravens Huginn and Muninn, who bring him information from all over Midgard — and rides the flying, eight-legged steed Sleipnir across the sky and into the underworld.
他身边陪伴着两只狼基利和库力奇,还有两只乌鸦福金和雾尼,为他报告“中庭”的一切消息。他的坐骑是八条腿的战马斯雷普尼尔,奥丁会骑着它上天入地。
重点单词   查看全部解释    
hover ['hʌvə]
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vi. 盘旋,翱翔,徘徊
n. 盘旋,翱翔,徘
 
morality [mə'ræliti]
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n. 道德,美德,品行,道德观
 
smug [smʌg]
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adj. 自以为是的,整洁的
联想记忆
downcast ['daunkæst]
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adj. 气馁的,悲哀的,垂下的
联想记忆
appearance [ə'piərəns]
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n. 外表,外貌,出现,出场,露面
联想记忆
mighty ['maiti]
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adj. 强有力的,强大的,巨大的
adv.
联想记忆
hammer ['hæmə]
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n. 锤,榔头
vi. 锤击,反复敲打
 
separate ['sepəreit]
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n. 分开,抽印本
adj. 分开的,各自的,
 
combat ['kɔmbət]
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n. 争斗,战斗
vt. 打斗
vi
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mare [mer]
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n. 母马,母驴 n. (月球等)表面阴暗处
联想记忆
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